As per a Global Liveability Report compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), Melbourne is the most liveable city in the world, followed by Austrian capital, Vienna and Canada's Vancouver in the second and third place respectively.
No Indian city appears anywhere in the top ten or thankfully in the bottom ten too, in the most liveable city ranking. The other cities in the top ten most liveable cities include Toronto at the fourth place, followed by Calgary (5th), Adelaide (6th), Perth (7th), Auckland (8th), Helsinki (9th) and Hamburg (10th). Among the bottom ten, Damascus takes the 140th place, followed by Lagos (139), Tripoli (138), Dhaka (137), Port Moresby (136), Algiers (135), Karachi (134), Harare (133), Douala (132) and Kiev (131).
The ranking is based on a survey of 140 cities globally. The rating quantifies the challenges that might be presented to an individual's lifestyle in any given location, and allows for direct comparison between locations. Every city is assigned a rating of relative comfort for over 30 qualitative and quantitative factors across five broad categories - stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.
It is noticeable that while the rankings of top five cities remain unchanged, the past few years have seen increasing instability across the world, causing volatility in the scores of many cities. Overall, the global average liveability score has fallen 0.8 per cent to 74.8 per cent over the past five years.
"While not a new phenomenon, the frequency and spread of terrorism have increased noticeably and become even more prominent," the report said, adding that "repeated attacks in France and the UK have had a contagion effect, raising terror alerts and lowering stability scores in cities across the region".
Iraq, Libya, Syria and Turkey are witness to high-profile civil unrest and armed conflicts, as also a number of other countries, such as Nigeria, continue to battle insurgency.
"Even a relatively stable country such as the US has seen mounting civil unrest linked to the Black Lives Matter movement and the policies proposed by President Donald Trump," it said.