The Minister for Housing and Urban Affairs, Hardeep S. Puri said on Thursday that the 99 designated smart cities in the country that have seen an investment of nearly Rs 2 lakh cr by the central government, will start showing visible signs of excellence in the next six months.
Talking about the achievements of his ministry in the last four years, Puri said, "this project was announced in 2015 and is due for completion in 2022, but between June and December we will begin to see their physical manifestation and I think that is already obvious."
Puri informed that his ministry was making arrangements to inaugurate the 10th Integrated Control and Command Centre (ICCC) soon. These ICCCs integrate all urban services on one huge screen, making it possible to use technology for providing ease of living to all including the disabled, women and children with security features and others.
Puri said it takes 15 to 18 months for a smart city project to get underway, as it takes that much time to appoint a project management consultant (PMC) and to establish a special purpose vehicle (SPV). Most of the 99 smart cities already have a PMC and an SPV, he said.
At the time of his joining the Union Council of Ministers in September 2017, the amount of expenditure incurred on the smart cities at that stage was Rs 8,000 cr. "By May 2018, it became Rs 30,000 cr and at the end of December, it would be Rs 50,000 cr," Puri said.
In May, the Madhya Pradesh government launched the country's first cloud-based ICCC for all its seven smart cities. The ICCC would enable the government to monitor and control various citizen services like smart lighting, parking, traffic, waste management and water supply from a single platform.
"I have good basis to believe that another 14 of these ICCCs will be operational very soon," he said.
Of the 99 smart cities, 90 are brownfield projects where smart features are introduced in existing cities. The total investment proposed for the smart cities is Rs 2,03,979 cr, while 948 projects costing Rs 30,675 cr are under implementation, 399 projects costing Rs 19,190 cr are in tendering stage, and detailed project reports (DPR) are either approved or under preparation for 2,130 projects, costing Rs 1,05,813 cr.
"The NDA government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi views increasing urbanisation as a challenge and opportunity to bring about a transformative change in the lives of the people," said the Minister.
Further, he said, the government is working on creation of a National Urban Housing Fund(NUHF) of Rs 60,000 cr, to be raised in phases through extra budgetary resources.
Puri said the Ministry is following a three-level strategy.
"At the bottom level, the government is working on poverty alleviation, affordable housing and cleanliness for all 4,041 cities across the country, at the middle level water supply and sewerage is the focus for 500 Amrut cities, having more than one lakh population.
"At the top level, ease of living is addressed in the 100 smart cities with the use of digital technology to improve the urban infrastructure and services," the Minister said.
Comparing 10 years of UPA rule (2004-2014) with four years of NDA's rule (2014-2018), he said the total proposed investment in urban infrastructure was Rs 1,57,703 cr during the UPA rule, while it is Rs 6,85,758 cr during the Modi government.
On Swachh Bharat Mission, he said it has truly become a Jan Andolan (people's movement), as 17 states of the total 35 states and Union Territories are now Open Defectaion Free (ODF), 2,729 cities of the total 4,041 are ODF cities, 48 lakh of the planned 66 lakh individual toilets have been constructed and 3.3 lakh of the planned 5.08 lakh community toilets have been constructed.
On Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), which envisions pucca house to every eligible urban poor by 2022 and plans to build 1.2 cr houses across the country with basic amenities like toilet, water and power supply, Puri said 47.5 lakh houses have already been approved.
On Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, the Minister said 10 states have already established permanent authority and 19 established interim RERA authority.
Talking about urban transport, the Minister said 231 km of Metro projects have been commissioned in the last four years compared to 199 kms in the UPA's 10-year rule.
"Today there are 479 km of Metro systems operational in 10 cities and another about 630 km are under construction," he added.